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Hier schreiben Wissenschaftler*innen der Universität Oldenburg und Gastautor*innen darüber, wie sich Gesellschaften selbst wahrnehmen und thematisieren, sich ihrer jeweiligen Gegenwart vergewissern und dabei in die Zukunft entwerfen.

Wie stehen diese Selbstwahrnehmungen und -entwürfe mit Institutionen, Medien und Techniken zur Gestaltung von Natur, Gesellschaft und Subjektivität in Verbindung? Wie modellieren sie den lebensweltlichen Alltag und halten Menschen zu einem bestimmten Verhalten an? Wie werden diese Interventionen in das Gegebene begründet und legitimiert, aber auch kritisiert, verworfen oder unterlaufen?

Diesen Fragen, deren interdisziplinäre Reflexion eines der zentralen Anliegen des Wissenschaftlichen Zentrums „Genealogie der Gegenwart“ ist, gehen die Blogger aus unterschiedlichen Fachperspektiven und Tätigkeitszusammenhängen mit Blick auf kontrovers verhandelte Themen wie Migration, Ungleichheit, Digitalisierung, Kriminalität, Gesundheit und Ökologie nach.

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The word ‘Caliph’ is the English version of this new Arabic word ‘Khalifa,’ that is small to possess Khalifatu Rasulil-lah

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While the religion was perfected as well as the doorway regarding Divine revelation is actually signed within loss of the Prophet, the fresh Caliph would be to make all the laws and regulations according to the Qur’an therefore the Sunnah. He was a leader more than Muslims yet not its sovereign since the sovereignty is part of God alone. He had been to-be obeyed so long as the guy obeyed Jesus. He had been guilty of performing and maintaining requirements significantly less than it would-be easy for Muslims to live on considering Islamic prices, and to observe that fairness is actually completed to all the. Abu Bakr, at the time he recognized this new caliphate, stated his updates hence:

“New weak among you’ll end up being strong with me until the rights were vindicated; plus the solid among you shall the guy weak beside chicago women seeking women me up to, if for example the Lord wills, I have drawn what exactly is owed from their store. Obey me personally so long as I obey Jesus and his awesome Messenger. As i disobey Him with his Prophet, following follow me personally maybe not.”

The fresh new Appropriately-Directed Caliphs (Al-Khulafa-ur-Rashidun)

The individuals Caliphs who it’s followed regarding Prophet’s base strategies is actually named ‘The Correctly-Guided Caliphs’ (Al-Khulafa-ur Rashidun from inside the Arabic). These are the very first five Caliphs: Abu Bakr, ‘Umar, Uthman and you may Ali; Umar ibn Abdul-Aziz; and seven Caliphs whom failed to arrive but really, the very last included in this are Al-Mahdi. All finger four was one of thc basic and you will closest Friends of your Prophet . It lived simple and easy righteous lives and you can strove problematic for the new religion regarding Jesus. Their fairness is unprejudiced, its therapy of anybody else is type and you may merciful, and so they was one to your someone – the initial one of equals. Shortly after this type of four, brand new later on Caliphs thought the brand new ways away from kings and you will emperors and the true soul out-of equivalence from leader and ruled decreased to a sizeable the quantity on the political longevity of Muslims.

It needs to be clearly knew your goal of Prophet Muhammad , and hence compared to brand new Rightly-Led Caliphs, wasn’t governmental, personal otherwise economic change, though such as for example reforms was a scientific consequence of the success of that it objective, nor the latest unity off a nation therefore the establishment out-of a keen empire, as the country did unite and huge areas emerged less than one to government, nor the brand new spread off a civilization otherwise community, some cultures and you may countries setup, however, only to deliver the content of Jesus to any or all peoples around the world and also to invite these to submit to Him, when you’re being the primary some of those who submitted.

How about the present?

The brand new priic government has been just like it actually was when you look at the the days of your own early Caliphs: and also make most of the guidelines in accordance with the Qur’an while the Sunnah, and work out positive efforts to create and keep maintaining requirements less than hence you’ll be able to and easy for Muslims to reside an enthusiastic Islamic lives, so you’re able to secure impartial and you can fast fairness for everybody, and struggle difficult on the street off Jesus. One government which is dedicated to such an insurance plan is really pursuing the content put by Prophet .

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