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Hier schreiben Wissenschaftler*innen der Universität Oldenburg und Gastautor*innen darüber, wie sich Gesellschaften selbst wahrnehmen und thematisieren, sich ihrer jeweiligen Gegenwart vergewissern und dabei in die Zukunft entwerfen.

Wie stehen diese Selbstwahrnehmungen und -entwürfe mit Institutionen, Medien und Techniken zur Gestaltung von Natur, Gesellschaft und Subjektivität in Verbindung? Wie modellieren sie den lebensweltlichen Alltag und halten Menschen zu einem bestimmten Verhalten an? Wie werden diese Interventionen in das Gegebene begründet und legitimiert, aber auch kritisiert, verworfen oder unterlaufen?

Diesen Fragen, deren interdisziplinäre Reflexion eines der zentralen Anliegen des Wissenschaftlichen Zentrums „Genealogie der Gegenwart“ ist, gehen die Blogger aus unterschiedlichen Fachperspektiven und Tätigkeitszusammenhängen mit Blick auf kontrovers verhandelte Themen wie Migration, Ungleichheit, Digitalisierung, Kriminalität, Gesundheit und Ökologie nach.

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A number of the conversations provides focused on far more theoretic issues

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They manage that there exists moral contexts in which respect to have persons isn’t a challenge which there are many more proportions of our ethical relations with individuals that seem to not ever treat in order to value. More over, it dispute, instance an idea would seem not to bring ethical known reasons for believing that we should clean out psychologically incapacitated individuals or nonhuman pet decently, or create (because Kant contends) create a duty to help you esteem including beings just a secondary obligations-one i’ve because it’s a way of valuing persons who worth for example beings or since all of our obligation in order to regard ourselves necessitates that i not do circumstances who does incredibly dull the ability to clean out persons decently-as opposed to an immediate obligation so you’re able to eg beings (Kant 1797, 6:443).

Several other procedure, upcoming, is if utilitarianism (or maybe more essentially, consequentialism) can be in reality fit an idea out of regard getting persons

Specific theorists look after you to definitely utilitarianism, a moral idea generally thought to be a competitor so you’re able to Kant’s theory, try advanced pertaining to which history section. Good practical you’ll believe it is sentience as opposed to the capability of rational freedom this is the soil of moral identification respect, and thus create admiration psychologically incapacitated individuals and you can nonhuman animals as the which have ethical status and so because well worth about some ethical regard in themselves. Versus the fresh utilitarian allege, some Kantians argue that Kant’s ethics stands apart from consequentialist integrity accurately from inside the maintaining your simple demand out-of morality isn’t we render particular worth, for instance the joy from sentient beings, but that people respect the worth of humankind no matter what outcomes of doing so (Korsegaard 1996, Wood 1999). For this reason, specific philosophers argue that utilitarianism try contradictory with respect getting persons, inasmuch since the utilitarianism, into the demanding that every actions, principles, otherwise intentions promote the greatest a beneficial, requires managing persons because mere mode for the people occasions when carrying out therefore enhances power, while the very section regarding a principle away from value getting persons is always to exclude such trading away from people in addition to their dignity for many most other value (Benn 1988, Brody 1982). Into the resistance, almost every other theorists care for not just that a beneficial consequentialist concept can also be fit the thought of value to have person (Downie and Telfer 1969, Gruzalski 1982, Landesman 1982, Pettit 1989, Cummiskey 1990), and also you to utilitarianism are derivable from a principle of value to have individuals (Downie and you will Telfer 1969) and this consequentialist theories give a better grounding having obligations in order to respect persons (Pettit 1989).

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