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Hier schreiben Wissenschaftler*innen der Universität Oldenburg und Gastautor*innen darüber, wie sich Gesellschaften selbst wahrnehmen und thematisieren, sich ihrer jeweiligen Gegenwart vergewissern und dabei in die Zukunft entwerfen.

Wie stehen diese Selbstwahrnehmungen und -entwürfe mit Institutionen, Medien und Techniken zur Gestaltung von Natur, Gesellschaft und Subjektivität in Verbindung? Wie modellieren sie den lebensweltlichen Alltag und halten Menschen zu einem bestimmten Verhalten an? Wie werden diese Interventionen in das Gegebene begründet und legitimiert, aber auch kritisiert, verworfen oder unterlaufen?

Diesen Fragen, deren interdisziplinäre Reflexion eines der zentralen Anliegen des Wissenschaftlichen Zentrums „Genealogie der Gegenwart“ ist, gehen die Blogger aus unterschiedlichen Fachperspektiven und Tätigkeitszusammenhängen mit Blick auf kontrovers verhandelte Themen wie Migration, Ungleichheit, Digitalisierung, Kriminalität, Gesundheit und Ökologie nach.

18.06.2022
Glint visitors

A behavioural way of social management is going to be beneficial, very first, to get in touch grand macro-peak ideas with regards to mini-top fundamentals

von Team

We shall exemplify so it by using advice to exhibit just how studies that we would categorize because the that belong regarding realm of an excellent behavioural social administration verify and you may create nuance to macro-level ideas to your visibility and you may user bureaucracy.

Transparency

The original example relation a mini-peak try regarding institutional theories of authorities visibility. Bodies transparency is considered to bolster resident faith and you will legitimacy (Bonnet and you may Heald 2006). Are transparent shows that governments possess “absolutely nothing to cover up” and will be offering people with advice that will help them most useful discover personal techniques from decision and you will coverage and make. Yet not, the good perception of transparency into the believe is almost certainly not since the simple as advertised, and current browse signifies that the results from openness for the citizen perceptions trust contextual and you can social issues (e.grams., Grimmelikhuijsen and you may Meijer 2014 ).

That is emphasized by the a recently available fresh study because of the de Okay Licht ( 2014 ) one examined the fresh micro-height underpinnings of your relationship anywhere between bodies transparency and you may trust. De Great Licht utilized the psychological thought of “forbidden change-offs” (Tetlock ainsi que al. 2000 ) to show how customers function more skeptically to help you bodies decision-and also make transparency within the components you to definitely connect with people life-and-death compared to less questionable areas. Centered on so it theory, glint promo kodları human lifetime and you will well-becoming are considered “sacred” and cannot feel replaced out-of against “secular” thinking, including money. Bodies visibility can be introduce the choice to make ones exchange-offs.

Players who had been exposed to decision-making on the a taboo trading-away from, particularly visitors safeguards, perceived the selection maker given that smaller legitimate than just nontaboo choices (such as those relating to areas and you will recreation). It depicts you to authorities conclusion on particularly exchange-offs have a tendency to come across more opposition than just exchange-offs that do not break it taboo (de- Great Licht 2014 ). This example from visibility look exemplifies the way the combination out-of mental ideas can establish individual decisions in the a general public management perspective, and even more importantly the way it will add nuance to help you macro-top concepts. It shows that transparency doesn’t automatically bring about highest levels from faith, once the assumed from the institutional theory, but is depending on whether or not the choices question questionable elements.

User Bureaucracy

Another analogy screening some of the microfoundations of the idea of associate bureaucracy. The idea at the rear of this principle is that a representative constitution regarding the newest staff members regarding a good bureaucracy with respect to sex and you can racial and you can cultural range is also promote democracy in numerous indicates. By way of example, Theobald and you will Haider- ) highlighted one to expression can make bureaucracies significantly more responsive and you will expands regulators accountability. Among the many key presumptions hidden representative bureaucracy is emblematic representation. Predicated on Theobald and you may Haider-Markel, “with symbolic representation, next, thinking and you can effects changes without having any meaningful strategies removed by the the latest agencies other than carrying a government work environment or status” (2009, 410). This is why which have a associate personnel must have lead useful outcomes regarding how a gathering perceives they.

To evaluate so it first step toward affiliate bureaucracy concept, Riccucci, Van Ryzin, and Lavena ( 2014 ; pick together with Riccucci, Van Ryzin, and you can Li 2016 ) tailored an internet survey try out. Contained in this experiment, hypothetical scenarios regarding cops devices was in fact at random allotted to five experimental teams. The newest conditions ranged within quantities of displayed show and you may representativeness (i.age., intercourse structure). Including, in one single situation, new business unit consisted of an agent staff members off four guys and half a dozen ladies, while in another scenario this was very unequally distributed (nine men and something women). Pursuing the test, users have been asked about brand new honesty, equity, and gratification of your police product. Findings demonstrate that an agent staff is examined a whole lot more absolutely towards the believe, equity, and performance. It feeling happened to be healthier having females members. They confirms one of many trick small-peak presumptions of affiliate bureaucracy principle, particularly, you to definitely a symbol sign grounds the audience feeling that they are being depicted, in such a case females.

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